Tokyo, July 14, 2014 - Astellas Pharma Inc. (“Astellas”; Tokyo:4503; President and CEO: Yoshihiko Hatanaka) today announced that it submitted a supplemental new drug application for the indication of the diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome 1) in female for “Irribow® Tablets 2.5µg / 5µg and Irribow® OD 2) Tablets 2.5µg / 5µg (generic name: ramosetron hydrochloride) ” to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan.
In October 2008, Astellas launched Irribow® Tablet with the indication of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome in male in Japan, and launched the orally disintegrating tablet Irribow® OD Tablets for the same indication in January 2014. Astellas expects to contribute the treatment of females with the diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome by submission of this supplemental new drug application.
Irribow® Tablet / Irribow® OD Tablet are the serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist discovered by Astellas. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter which plays a key role in gastrointestinal motility, intestinal water secretion and sensation. Stress stimulates the serotonin release and activates the 5-HT3 receptors on enteric nerve, which induces the acceleration of intestinal transit resulting in diarrhea. In addition, the increase in intracolonic pressure also stimulates the serotonin release and activates the 5-HT3 receptors on the terminal of afferent neuron, inducing intestinal nociceptive transmission to the central nervous system.
Irribow® Tablet / Irribow® OD Tablet improve abnormal defecation associated with the acceleration of intestinal transit by selectively inhibiting 5-HT3 receptor. They also improve visceral hypersensitivity by suppressing the transmission of intestinal nociception.
1) Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional but not organic disorder which causes abdominal pain and/or discomfort with abnormal defecation including diarrhea and constipation. These gastrointestinal symptoms persist for a long period with frequent remissions and exacerbations. Abdominal pain/discomfort and abnormal defecation are often associated with various factors such as stress, which is considered to cause the acceleration of intestinal transit resulted from the over-activation of enteric nervous system.
2) OD = Orally Disintegrating