Mitigating and adapting to the threat posed by climate change requires active involvement by national governments, local governments, corporations, citizens, and others. Astellas recognizes that climate change will become a constraint on conducting sustained corporate activity, and considers it one of management's most important problems to address.

Astellas has adopted the method for setting reduction targets recommended by the Science Based Targets (SBT) Initiative. This method is designed to achieve the 2°C target of the Paris Agreement, which entered force in 2016. In November 2018, the SBT Initiative certified the targets laid out in Astellas’ Environmental Action Plan.
In the review of risks and opportunities that the SBT target setting process and climate change will present to businesses, we have adopted the 2°C Scenario of the International Energy Agency (IEA 2DS). Guided by IEA 2DS, we will promote measures from a medium- to long-term perspective.

Environmental Action Plan (Climate Change Mitigation Measures) (SBT approved)

Reduce GHG emissions (Scope 1 + Scope 2) by 30% by fiscal 2030 (Base year: fiscal 2015)
(Emissions in the base year: 202 kilotons)

Reduce GHG emissions (Scope 3) by 20% per unit of revenue by fiscal 2030
(Base year: fiscal 2015)

Progress on Action Plan (SBT): Change in Actual GHG Emissions Volume magnifying_glass_s.png

Our progress toward SBT targets calculated based on the GHG Protocol is as follows:

Progress on Environmental Action Plan (Scope 3 / revenue)

  Fiscal 2015 Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2018 Fiscal 2019
GHG emissions (Scope 3) (Tons) 271,010 259,364 232,556 227,437
Revenue (billion Yen) 1,373 1,300 1,306 1,301
Emission per unit of revenue (tons/billion Yen) 197 199 178 175
Ratio to Base-year (%) -- 1.0 -9.8 -11.4

* The third-party assurance covers GHG emissions (Scope 3) and emission per unit of revenue.
* As information of CO2 emissions from business trips (airplanes) in the Asia/Oceania region became available, we have revised GHG emissions and emission intensity per unit from FY2015.

Changes in Actual GHG Emissions Volume magnifying_glass_s.png

The actual volume of GHG emissions of Astellas in fiscal 2019 was 166 kilotons (Scope 1: 71 kilotons, Scope 2: 95 kilotons).

Changes in Actual GHG Emissions Volume by Area

(Unit: Tons)
  Fiscal 2015 Ratio
(%)
Fiscal 2017 Ratio
(%)
Fiscal 2018 Ratio
(%)
Fiscal 2019 Ratio (%)
Japan 166,857 75 162,680 79 155,379 80 132,888 80
Scope 1 61,036   60,804   56,422   48,842  
Scope 2 105,821   101,875   98,957   84,046  
Americas 31,837 14 23,668 11 17,505 9 13,666 8
Scope 1 21,329   12,805   10,205   8,442  
Scope 2 10,508   10,863   7,300   5,223  
EMEA 19,970 9 16,759 8 17,450 9 15,289 9
Scope 1 16,093   13,803   15,415   13,596  
Scope 2 3,877   2,955   2,035   1,693  
Asia/Oceania 4,080 2 3,823 2 4,039 2 4,295 3
Scope 1 41   17   51   18  
Scope 2 4,039   3,807   3,988   4,277  
Total 222,744   206,929   194,373   166,138  
Scope 1 98,500 - 87,429 - 82,093 - 70,898 -
Scope 2 124,244   119,500   112,280   95,239  

* Non-energy GHG emissions are less than 1% of total emissions and therefore not included in the disclosed data.

Our Efforts to Reduce GHG Emissions

In order to reduce GHG emissions, Astellas must implement management practices that involve the entire Group from a medium-term perspective. Astellas’ manufacturing plants, research centers, sales and marketing divisions, and offices are implementing a variety of initiatives with the aim of mitigating climate change.
Regarding tangible elements, efforts to improve facilities, which include the introduction of high-efficiency equipment and the conversion to alternative fuels, are expected to make a significant contribution to reducing the level of GHG emissions generated by energy sources. Regarding intangible aspects, employees’ participation in energy saving through improvements of daily work is also important. To this end, each facility adopts a two-pronged approach, comprising measures related to both tangible and intangible elements.

Promotion Framework and Initiatives for Climate Change Mitigation

Astellas has established the Global EHS Sub-Committee (GEHSSC) as a special task force under the CSR Committee to discuss measures to deal with various environmental issues, including climate change mitigation measures. Members from regional bases participate in discussions on methods to save energy and reduce GHG emissions throughout the Group based on an analysis of the risks and opportunities that climate change presents to our business, and so forth.
Matters are discussed and decided in GEHSSC and are referred to the Executive Committee and the Board of Directors for discussion depending on their importance. Through this process, Astellas decides on these matters.

Analysis of the Risks and Opportunities That Climate Change Presents to Our Business

Based on IEA 2DS, we carry out scenario analysis regarding changes in the external environment due to such factors as international policy trends and emissions trading systems, the impact on work operations of physical changes caused by climate change, and assessments by stakeholders concerning our measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change. We believe that understanding the conceivable risks and moving forward with medium- to long-term measures to minimize risk will lead to opportunities for our business to be sustainable.

Investment Plan for Climate Change Mitigation Measures

In fiscal 2019, Astellas planned to invest approximately ¥890 million in mainly energy-saving measures at each business facility, the renewal of air conditioning equipment, and the introduction of LED lighting. An investment of ¥140 million was actually completed, resulting in reduction of 712 tons of GHG.
Going forward, Astellas will keep on conducting continuous reviews of investment plans related to matters such as introducing renewable energy.

Understanding GHG Emissions in the Supply Chain

Although the Environmental Action Plan concerning climate change is targeting emissions directly generated by business activities (Scope 1 and Scope 2), Astellas is also striving to assess emissions produced throughout the entire supply chain (Scope 3). We have also set SBTs for GHG emissions from major categories within Scope 3, and are striving to reduce them. In addition, we encourage our production contractors to support and cooperate with our measures to reduce GHG emissions.
Details of Scope 3 are available in the section on indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3).

Priority Use of Gaseous Fuel

At Astellas’ research and production bases, we use boilers fueled by city gas, LPG and LNG (liquefied natural gas), all of which generate low GHG emissions during combustion. These boilers not only contribute to reducing GHG emissions but also to reducing SOx emissions, another air pollutant.

Introduction of Energy Monitoring Systems

Knowing exactly how much energy we use is useful for the formulation of new strategies. We have introduced energy monitoring systems that can visually monitor energy usage at our facilities.

Reduction of GHG Emissions Generated by Sales Activities magnifying_glass_s.png

Since fiscal 2008, Astellas has been striving to reduce GHG emissions associated with the use of sales fleets. In each region, we are continuously switching over to vehicles with low environmental impact (e.g. hybrid cars, electric vehicles). In Japan and the US, where the rate of introducing hybrid vehicles is high, the volume of GHG emissions relative to the number of vehicles has been reduced more than in other regions.
GHG emissions associated with the use of sales fleets are reported under Scope 1.

Changes in GHG Emissions Volume

(Unit: Tons)
  Fiscal 2017 Fiscal 2018 Fiscal 2019
Total for each region 24,203 23,725 20,333
Japan 4,316 4,114 3,226
Americas 10,760 9,172 7,902
EMEA 9,127 10,439 9,205

When it cannot be directly measured, the actual fuel usage is estimated from mileage and fuel efficiency (catalog value).In certain parts of EMEA, private vehicles are used for sales activities. Accordingly, the volume of CO2 emissions from those vehicles are calculated by estimating fuel usage from the number of private vehicles in use for sales activities. We currently assess the usage record of sales vehicles in the Asia/Oceania region.

Using Renewable Energy

The use of renewable energy is one of the most effective climate change countermeasures. Astellas is proactively introducing photovoltaic panels and wind power, and such equipment as biomass boilers, to its facilities. All energy generated through these means is consumed at these facilities.
Moreover, we purchase electricity generated by renewable energy sources. As a result, we are indirectly suppressing GHG emissions.

Usage of Renewable Energy (Fiscal 2019) magnifying_glass_s.png

Offices Type of renewable energy Energy consumed
Kerry Plant Wind turbine generation (Power capacity 800 kW) 1,706 MWh
Wood chip biomass boiler (Power capacity 1.8 MW) 45,788 GJ
Purchase of electricity generated by renewable energy sources 7,506 MWh
Photovoltaics 107 MWh
Dublin Plant Purchase of electricity generated by renewable energy sources 5,401 MWh
Meppel Plant Purchase of electricity generated by renewable energy sources 12,708 MWh
Leiden Purchase of electricity generated by renewable energy sources 2,080 MWh
Use of geothermal heat 1,675 GJ
US HQs Use of geothermal heat 3 GJ
Universal Cells Purchase of electricity generated by renewable energy sources 728 MWh
Tsukuba Research Center Photovoltaics 47 MWh
Yaizu Facilities Use of geothermal heat (can not be measured) -

Astellas has switched all electricity consumed by its three research and production facilities in Japan (Tsukuba Research Center, Tsukuba Biotechnology Research Center and Takahagi Chemistry & Technology Development Center) to the Aqua Premium plan, starting in April 2020. Offered by TEPCO Energy Partner, Inc., the Aqua Premium plan allows customers to buy only hydroelectric power, which is free of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The adoption of Aqua Premium is expected to enable the three facilities to reduce the volume of GHG emission in normal consumption of electricity entirely (approximately 31,000 tons (actual) in 2019) from fiscal 2020.
Looking ahead, Astellas will continue to explore opportunities for using renewable energy, and it will also consider formulating targets for the use of renewable energy.

Overall View of the Kerry Plant Where Renewable Energy Is Actively Used

Participation in the Federation of Economic Organizations’ Commitment to a Low-Carbon Society

Astellas is participating in the commitment to a low-carbon society* formulated by the Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers’ Associations of Japan, which is based on requests from the Federation of Economic Organizations.

*To reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emissions from pharmaceutical manufacturers in fiscal 2020 by 23% based on the amount of emissions in fiscal 2005.