TOKYO – January 23, 2018 – Astellas Pharma Inc. (TSE: 4503, President and CEO: Yoshihiko Hatanaka, “Astellas”) announced today that the European Commission (EC) has issued Orphan Designation to gilteritinib for the treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The decision follows a positive recommendation for Orphan Designation from the European Medicines Agency's (EMA) Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP). In Europe, an Orphan Designation is granted to a medicine that may be of significant benefit to patients with a rare condition, affecting no more than five in 10,000 people.1
The announcement follows the recent Orphan Drug Designation in the United States granted by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to gilteritinib on July 13, 2017.2
“Around 13,000 people will be diagnosed with AML in Western Europe and, while AML patients constitute a small proportion of the overall population, they are faced with a life-threatening condition,” said Steven Benner, M.D., Senior Vice President and Global Therapeutic Area Head, Oncology Development, Astellas. “We are grateful to the EMA for acknowledging the unique needs of patients with rare diseases, and for providing a potential path forward for gilteritinib in supporting these patients.”
AML is a cancer that impacts the blood and bone marrow, and its incidence increases with age.3 In Western Europe, there are around 13,000 new cases of AML every year.4 In Japan, approximately 4,500 patients are diagnosed with AML each year.5,6 The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2017 approximately 21,000 new patients will be diagnosed with AML in the United States and about 10,000 cases will result in death.7
Gilteritinib is an investigational compound that has demonstrated inhibitory activity against FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) as well as FLT3 tyrosine kinase domain (TKD),8 two common types of FLT3 mutations that are seen in approximately one-third of patients with AML.9 Further, gilteritinib has also demonstrated inhibition of the AXL receptor in AML cell lines.8 Astellas is currently investigating gilteritinib in various FLT3 mutation-positive AML patient populations through several Phase 3 trials.10,11 Visit www.clinicaltrials.gov to learn more about ongoing gilteritinib clinical trials.
Gilteritinib was discovered through a research collaboration with Kotobuki Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and Astellas has exclusive global rights to develop, manufacture and potentially commercialise gilteritinib. Gilteritinib has been granted
Date of preparation: January 2018
Orphan Drug designation2 and Fast Track Designation12 by the U.S. FDA, and SAKIGAKE Designation by the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.13
The safety and efficacy of the agent discussed herein are under investigation and have not been established. There is no guarantee that the agent will receive regulatory approval and become commercially available for the uses being investigated.
Astellas Pharma Inc., based in Tokyo, Japan, is a company dedicated to improving the health of people around the world through the provision of innovative and reliable pharmaceutical products. We focus on Urology, Oncology, Immunology, Nephrology and Neuroscience as prioritised therapeutic areas while advancing new therapeutic areas and discovery research leveraging new technologies/modalities. We are also creating new value by combining internal capabilities and external expertise in the medical/healthcare business. Astellas is on the forefront of healthcare change to turn innovative science into value for patients. For more information, please visit our website at www.astellas.com/en.
In this press release, statements made with respect to current plans, estimates, strategies and beliefs and other statements that are not historical facts are forwardlooking statements about the future performance of Astellas. These statements are based on management’s current assumptions and beliefs in light of the information currently available to it and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to: (i) changes in general economic conditions and in laws and regulations, relating to pharmaceutical markets, (ii) currency exchange rate fluctuations, (iii) delays in new product launches, (iv) the inability of Astellas to market existing and new products effectively, (v) the inability of Astellas to continue to effectively research and develop products accepted by customers in highly competitive markets, and (vi) infringements of Astellas’ intellectual property rights by third parties.
Information about pharmaceutical products (including products currently in development) which is included in this press release is not intended to constitute an advertisement or medical advice.
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Date of preparation: January 2018
1 EMA. Orphan designation. Available at: http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/regulation/general/general_content_000029.jsp Last accessed December 2017.
2 FDA. Search Orphan Drug Designations and Approvals. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/opdlisting/oopd/detailedIndex.cfm?cfgridkey=587217 Last accessed December 2017.
3 Cancer Research UK. About Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Available at: http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/acute-myeloid-leukaemia-aml/about-acute-myeloidleukaemia Last accessed December 2017.
4 Kashyap A. Decision Resources Group. Landscape and Forecast: Acute Myeloid Leukemia. October 2017.
5 Niino M. and Matsuda T. Type distribution of myeloid leukemia from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Vol. X. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2016;46(4):394.
6 Cancer Information Service, National Cancer Center, Japan. Cancer Statistics in Japan - Incidence (National estimates). Available at: http://ganjoho.jp/data/en/professional/statistics/files/cancer_incidence(1975-2013)E.xls Last accessed December 2017.
7 American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2017. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/research/cancer-facts-and-statistics/annual-cancerfacts-and-figures/2017/cancer-facts-and-figures-2017.pdf Last accessed December 2017.
8 Perl AE. et al. Selective inhibition of FLT3 by gilteritinib in relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia: a multicentre, first-in-human, open-label, phase 1–2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Aug;18(8):1061-1075.
9 Patel JP. et al. Prognostic Relevance of Integrated Genetic Profiling in Acute Myeloid Leukemia. N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 22;366(12):1079-89.
10 ClinicalTrials.gov. Gilteritinib clinical trials. Available at: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=&term=gilteritinib&cntry1=&state1=&recrs= Last accessed December 2017.
11 Astellas AML Trials Website. Acute Myeloid Leukemia. Available at: www.AstellasAMLTrials.com. Last accessed December 2017.
12 FDA Fast Track Designation for gilteritinib – Astellas data on file.
13 Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare - Japan. Press announcement – Priority Assessment Designation System. Available at: http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/houdou/0000102009.html. Last accessed December 2017.